Green finance is crucial to realizing global sustainability goals. Countries around the world implementing plans to realize the Paris Climate Agreement are faced with an enormous investment gap between what is necessary and what the public sector can provide. For the green transformation to succeed, the private sector will have to lead the way. Banking, capital markets, and insurance must be positioned with sustainable development goals in mind. New financial instruments must be developed, and standards for the sector set. Countries like China are already experimenting heavily, nurturing a robust green bonds market and green finance pilot zones. What must governments and businesses know as the green economy accelerates? What are some best practices that can be considered from the Chinese experience?