August 13, 2020 | By Charlie Rahr

What do Americans think of QAnon?

Once largely confined to Internet message boards, the QAnon conspiracy theory has recently been thrust into the mainstream as political candidates sympathetic to it run for office. There is an ever-expanding number of claims that QAnon followers believe in, but President Trump’s secret battle against plots orchestrated by the “deep state” is QAnon’s central claim.

Using social media traffic as a way to gauge interest, it is estimated that hundreds of thousands subscribe to any one of the countless theories propagated under QAnon. Other estimates, based on the members and followers of QAnon-affiliated Facebook groups and pages, put that number in the millions. This social media traffic combined with an increasing political presence, and even retweets from President Trump linked to accounts associated with the conspiracy theory, suggest that it has a significant following.

The current election cycle has seen more than fifty supporters of QAnon compete for national office with some, like Marjorie Taylor Greene vying for Georgia’s 14th Congressional District, winning their primary.

A probability, web-based poll conducted by the Pew Research Center from February 18-March 2 registered low awareness of QAnon. Over three-fourths of those surveyed (76%) responded that they had neither read nor heard anything about the conspiracy theory, including majorities of Republicans (81%) and Democrats (71%). Similar numbers in an online and phone probability survey conducted August 24-26, 2019 by Emerson College expressed no opinion towards QAnon. When asked whether they believe in the conspiracy theory, over seven in ten respondents (73%) noted that they were unsure. Given the general lack of awareness towards QAnon in these results, it is clear that it does not enjoy widespread support among Republicans or Democrats.

Results from a representative, online poll completed on June 23 by the University of Miami also puts the conspiracy theory’s following in perspective. Asked to rate their feelings towards QAnon on a feeling thermometer, Americans gave it an average of twenty-four degrees on a scale of 0 to 100, where 100 is the most positive rating. Feelings towards QAnon are similar among Democrats and Republicans: Republicans rated it an average score of twenty-six while Democrats gave it twenty-five.

While these polls show that QAnon enjoys low national support, the strength of the minority belief is still strong enough in some cases to field candidates supportive of it, with at least two slated to win in November.


The Chicago Council on Global Affairs highlights critical shifts in American public thinking on US foreign policy through public opinion surveys and research conducted under the Lester Crown Center on US Foreign Policy. 

The annual Chicago Council Survey, first conducted in 1974, is a valuable resource for policymakers, academics, media, and the general public. The Council also surveys American leaders in government, business, academia, think tanks, and religious organizations biennially to compare trends in their thinking with overall trends. And collaborating with partner organizations, the survey team periodically conducts parallel surveys of public opinion in other regions of the world to compare with US public opinion. 

The Running Numbers blog features regular commentary and analysis from the Council’s public opinion and US foreign policy research team, including a series of flash polls of a select group of foreign policy experts to assess their opinions on critical foreign policy topics driving the news.


| By Craig Kafura, Brendan Helm, Giulia Shaughnessy, Charlie Rahr, Samantha Yi

Global Public Opinion and the Coronavirus: August 19

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| By Charlie Rahr

What do Americans think of QAnon?

Despite extensive media coverage, support for the conspiracy theory may not be as strong as believed. 

| By Karl Friedhoff

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