December 10, 2010 | By Roger Thurow

Budget-Cutting Consequences

The budget-cutting has begun, and governments around the world are paying attention to the sharp-knives in Congress.  So when the House of Representatives released a draft Continuing Resolution this week with only $100 million in fiscal year 2011 allocated to the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP) – a severe reduction from President Obama’s request for $408 million – a host of humanitarian organizations were quick to pen a letter to the White House sounding a stern warning about the consequences of the cut:

“The US was an original donor to the GAFSP, and failing to fulfill our commitments to the GAFSP will be very damaging. Canada, a country with significantly smaller economy than ours, has already delivered nearly $180 million to the GAFSP. Without a strong financial contribution from the United States, we are worried that the GAFSP may lose the support of several potential new donors who are actively considering contributing to the Trust Fund, but are watching the level of US contribution very closely before finalizing their decision.  Critical projects to reduce hunger, invest in nutrition, and increase food security in several countries will go unfunded. And momentum towards meeting the important pledges President Obama made at the G-8 Summit in 2009 will be lost.”

The fear is that foreign aid budget cuts in the U.S. will be replicated elsewhere.  It will be easy for other countries to abandon their pledges if the U.S. doesn’t fulfill its commitments.  Particularly on the hunger front, where America has been leading.  If the leader pulls back, why should other countries (also facing budget pressures) push forward?  If this happens, GAFSP will be gasping for air.

The letter was sent to President Obama himself, imploring him to keep up the offensive.

“Given your leadership in negotiating the terms of the L’Aquila Food Security Initiative, we are writing you to urge the administration to voice its strong support for this critical tool in the fight against global hunger,” write the 21 signing organizations, which represent a broad front of both faith-based and secular activism.  “We are asking senior administration officials to weigh in with key Congressional leaders to ensure that at least $250 million is allocated to support the GAFSP in the FY2011 budget negotiations currently in their final stages.”

When the new multi-donor trust fund was launched in April, GAFSP was stocked with commitments of $880 million to provide financing to support agriculture development projects that developing countries are already implementing.  The initial commitments came from the U.S., $475 million; Canada, $230 million; Spain, $95 million; South Korea, $50 million; and, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, $30 million.

These initial donations were supposed to attract other donors, and the GAFSP pot, it was hoped, would fill up to beyond $1 billion by the end of the year.  But some of those initial commitments have yet to come in, and other donors have been reluctant to join.  The U.S. provided $67 million from its fiscal 2010 budget and the administration requested the remaining $408 million for fiscal year 2011.  But even before the November elections, appropriations committees in both the House and Senate were whittling back the request, to $250 million in the Senate and $150 million in the House.  Now, as the letter points out, the House Continuing Resolution is down to $100 million.

In the meantime, the GAFSP ambitions are also being whittled back.  In June, the fund got off to a fast start, allocating a total of $224 million to five countries: Rwanda, Haiti, Bangladesh, Sierra Leone and Togo.  But last month, in a second round of allocations, it had enough money to fund only three of the proposals submitted by 20 countries.  That meant 17 countries went home empty handed, their raised expectations crashing.  GAFSP and the U.S. initiative called Feed the Future were created to end the decades-long neglect of agriculture development in the poorest countries of the world.  Instead, if the lack of funding persists, those countries may move from being neglected to feeling betrayed.

“The world is looking to the US to continue its strong leadership on global food security,” concludes the letter to President Obama, “we hope we can count on your full engagement at this critical moment in support of robust funding for the GAFSP.”

In addition to landing at the White House, copies of the letter clamoring for administration support of GAFSP were also sent to the Departments of State and Treasury and to the National Security Council.   But the message also needs to be given to every member of Congress.  Particularly, it seems, to Congresswoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, the incoming chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee.  She has already indicated that she will be hunting for savings in the budgets authorized by her committee, including foreign aid.

There may indeed be some “fat,” as she says, in need of trimming, but not on the food security front.  Not now that the U.S. has reclaimed leadership in the fight against hunger through agriculture development, not now that increasing food production in the developing world, particularly in Africa, is a critical element in feeding the world in coming decades.

Archive



| By Roger Thurow

African Farmers: Surviving or Thriving?

It is one of Africa’s cruelest ironies that as the planting season begins, as it is now across much of the continent, so does the hunger season. The food stocks from the previous harvest are running low and it will be several months before the next harvest comes in. Whatever food remains in the household is rationed: portions shrink, meals are skipped, malnutrition rises.


| By Roger Thurow

Relief to Resilience

There is little mail service in rural Africa, so the smallholder farmers there wouldn’t have received last week’s annual letter of U.S. Agency for International Development Administrator Rajiv Shah.  But they certainly would welcome his words.

| By Roger Thurow

Developments at the Development Bank

I’m surprised that “surprise” is a word being used to describe President Obama’s nomination of Jim Yong Kim to head the World Bank.  Surprise, perhaps, over the specific name, because Dr. Kim hadn’t figured prominently in the speculation of who would replace current World Bank president Robert Zoellick.

| By Roger Thurow

The Rising Power of Women Farmers

The most common tool in African agriculture is also the most impractical.  Or at least it appears to be.  It is the hoe, which is used for plowing, planting, weeding and harvesting.  It is a simple tool that produces the majority of the continent’s food, and yet it has remained unchanged over the centuries, defying any technological advance.

| By Roger Thurow

Looking Back, Moving Forward

At President Obama’s first international summit, the G8 meeting in L’Aquila, Italy in July 2009, he rallied his fellow rich world leaders to commit to investing $22 billion to conquer global hunger through agricultural development.  He spoke passionately about both the moral obligation and the global security imperative of ending hunger and the despair and hopelessness such deep poverty breeds.

| By Roger Thurow

Mr. Xi Goes to Iowa

Those were interesting photos from the dusty archives that appeared in various newspapers and TV reports this week, pictures of a visitor from China inspecting hogs, vegetable farms and grain processing facilities in Iowa back in 1985.  It became downright fascinating when it turned out that visitor, Xi Jinping, was now returning to the U.S., and to Iowa, as the vice president of China.  Oh, and he is presumed to be China’s next president.

| By Roger Thurow

Global Collaboration

At the foot of Mount Kenya, a patch of maize stalks are defying the odds.  They are standing tall and robust in a trial field where the soil had been intentionally depleted of nitrogen, one of the essential nutrients for maize.

| By Roger Thurow

Learning by Doing

Learning by doing is the philosophy of the Pan-American agricultural school known as Zamorano in Honduras.  Students come to class every day dressed in their uniform of blue jeans and blue shirt.  They come to work, not just to study; more often than not, their classrooms are the fields and the food production plants on campus.  They plant seeds and pull weeds and milk cows and nurture fish and make ice cream and inseminate queen bees.

| By Roger Thurow

Sidetracked

A not so funny thing happened on the way to the G20 meeting in Cannes last week.

| By Roger Thurow

The Right Vote

We’ll keep this short:

“Vote for the Appropriations Committee recommendation for foreign operations and against any cuts that would hurt hungry and poor people.”

| By Roger Thurow

Girls Grow

The teenagers of rural western Kenya I have met during the past year have no shortage of ambition.  Especially the girls.  They want to be doctors and nurses and teachers and lawyers and pilots.


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Digital Preview of The First 1,000 Days

In his new book, The First 1,000 Days, Council senior fellow Roger Thurow illuminates the 1,000 Days initiative to end early childhood malnutrition through the compelling stories of new mothers in Uganda, India, Guatemala, and Chicago. Get a first-look at photos and stories from the book in this new web interactive.

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» Order your copy of the book.

Books

The First 1,000 Days

Roger Thurow’s book will tell the story of the vital importance of proper nutrition and health care in the 1,000 days window from the beginning of a woman’s pregnancy to her child’s second birthday.

The 1,000 days period is the crucial period of development, when malnutrition can have severe life-long impacts on the individual, the family and society as a whole. Nutritional deficiencies that occur during this time are often overlooked, resulting in a hidden hunger. It is a problem of great human and economic dimensions, impacting rich and poor countries alike.

Learn more »

The Last Hunger Season

In The Last Hunger Season, the intimate dramas of the farmers' lives unfold amidst growing awareness that to feed the world's growing population, food production must double by 2050. How will the farmers, Africa, and a hungrier world deal with issues of water usage, land ownership, foreign investment, corruption, GMO's, the changing role of women, and the politics of foreign aid?

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EnoughEnough

Roger Thurow and Scott Kilman, award-winning writers on Africa, development, and agriculture, see famine as the result of bad policies spanning the political spectrum. In this compelling investigative narrative, they explain through vivid human stories how the agricultural revolutions that transformed Asia and Latin America stopped short in Africa, and how our sometimes well-intentioned strategies—alternating with ignorance and neglect—have conspired to keep the world’s poorest people hungry and unable to feed themselves.

Learn more »