1,000 Days Project

Roger Thurow’s next book will tell the story of the vital importance of proper nutrition and health care in the 1,000 days window from the beginning of a woman’s pregnancy to her child’s second birthday.

The 1,000 days period is the crucial period of development, when malnutrition can have severe life-long impacts on the individual, the family and society as a whole. Nutritional deficiencies that occur during this time are often overlooked, resulting in a hidden hunger. It is a problem of great human and economic dimensions, impacting rich and poor countries alike.

Roger will follow small groups of women and their children in four parts of the world – India, Uganda, Guatemala and the United States – through the 1,000 days period.  He also will examine the innovations, the economics and the politics of malnutrition and hunger.

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is providing support for Thurow’s writing, including his multimedia storytelling via blog posts and video.  The Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting also is supporting Thurow’s international reporting and storytelling during the first year of the book project.


Guatemala

Guatemala is classified by the World Bank as a lower-middle income country. Over half the population lives below the national poverty line. UNDP classifies Guatemala as a country with medium human development. The government spends only 6.7% of its GDP on health expenditure (with WHO recommendations at 15%). The country’s health indicators (such as infant mortality rate and U5 mortality) rate at 24 and 30 deaths per 1,000 live births respectively are slightly better than the world’s average. However, Guatemala ranks country number thirty-three on the global hunger index, classifying it as a country with serious hunger issues. It has the fourth highest chronic malnutrition in the world and the highest in Latin America and the Caribbean. In some indigenous areas almost seventy percent of the population is chronically malnourished according to U.S. International Agency for International Development.

Helpful data:

  • Gross National Income (GNI) per capita (World Bank 2012): $3,120
  • Percent of population living below $2 a day (PRB 2011): 26%
  • Poverty gap at national poverty line (World Bank 2011): 53.7%
  • Infant Mortality Rate (World Bank 2011): 24
  • Under 5 Mortality Rate (World Bank 2011): 30
  • Health expenditure as % of total GDP (World Bank 2011): 6.7%
  • Global Hunger Index Ranking (IFPRI 2012): #33
  • Human Development Ranking (UNDP 2012): #133
     

Additional resources:


India

India is classified by the World Bank as a lower-middle income country. Over three-fourths of the population lives on less than two dollars per day. UNDP classifies India as a country with medium human development. The government spends only 3.9% of its GDP on health expenditure (with WHO recommendations at 15%). The country’s health indicators (such as infant mortality rate and U5 mortality) rate at 47 and 61 deaths per 1,000 live births respectively are worse than the world’s average. India ranks number sixty five on the global hunger index, classifying it as a country with alarming hunger issues. Although the country has recently progressed, over forty percent of children fewer than five years of age are malnourished.

Helpful data:

  • Gross National Income (GNI) per capita (World Bank 2012): $1,530
  • Percent of population living below $2 a day (PRB 2011): 76%
  • Poverty gap at national poverty line (World Bank 2010): 29.8%
  • Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 live births (World Bank 2011): 47
  • Under 5 Mortality Rate per 1,000 live births (World Bank 2011): 61
  • Health expenditure as % of total GDP (World Bank 2011): 3.9%
  • Global Hunger Index Ranking (IFPRI 2012): #65
  • Human Development Ranking (UNDP 2012): #136
     

Additional resources:


Uganda

Uganda is classified by the World Bank as a low-income country. Almost two-thirds of the population lives on less than two dollars a day. UNDP classifies Uganda as a country with low human development. The government spends 9.5% of its GDP on health expenditure (with WHO recommendations at 15%). The country’s health indicators (such as infant mortality rate and U5 mortality) rate at 58 and 90 deaths per 1,000 live births respectively are much worse than the world’s average. Uganda ranks country number forty-two on the global hunger index, classifying it as a country with serious hunger issues.

Helpful data:

  • Gross National Income (GNI) per capita (World Bank 2012): $440
  • Percent of population living below $2 a day (PRB 2011): 65%
  • Poverty gap at national poverty line (World Bank 2011): 24.5%
  • Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 live births (World Bank 2011): 58
  • Under 5 Mortality Rate per 1,000 live births (World Bank 2011): 90
  • Health expenditure as % of total GDP (World Bank 2011): 9.5%
  • Global Hunger Index Ranking (IFPRI 2012): #42
  • Human Development Ranking (UNDP 2012): #161
     

Additional resources:


United States

The United States is classified by the World Bank as a high income country. UNDP classifies it as a country with very high human development (the third highest in the world). The government spends 17.9% of its GDP on health expenditure (with WHO recommendations at 15%). The country’s health indicators (such as infant mortality rate and U5 mortality) rate at 6.4 and 7.5 deaths per 1,000 live births respectively are much better than the world’s average. The United States is not ranked on the global hunger index, classifying it as a country without hunger

Helpful data:

  • Gross National Income (GNI) per capita (World Bank 2012): $50,120
  • Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 live births (World Bank 2011): 6.4
  • Under 5 Mortality Rate per 1,000 live births (World Bank 2011): 7.5
  • Health expenditure as % of total GDP (World Bank 2011): 17.9%
  • Global Hunger Index Ranking (IFPRI 2012): not ranked
  • Human Development Ranking (UNDP 2012): #3
     

Additional resources:


 

Archive



| By Roger Thurow

The Ryan Budget and One Particularly Pernicious Paragraph

Since Mitt Romney chose Paul Ryan as his vice presidential running mate, many people have peered into the House budget plan that the Wisconsin Congressman shaped - the so-called Ryan budget — to see what it might portend for a Romney-Ryan administration.

| By Roger Thurow

The Games and Hunger – True Inspiration

The London Summer Olympics have been chock full of wondrous achievements and inspiring moments: Michael Phelps, Usain Bolt, Sarah Attar, Oscar Pistorious, an impressive roster of African athletes rising from deep poverty to the medal platform. Just imagine the journey from Somalia or Sudan to a stadium filled with 80,000 people, flashbulbs sparkling like stars. Amazing.

| By Roger Thurow

Let's Keep the Focus This Time

Are we paying attention now? The shriveled corn and wilting beans and severely parched soil of the U.S. farm belt are trying to tell us something: focus on the global food chain.

| By Roger Thurow

From AIDS to Agriculture

As we have heard during this week's international conference in Washington, D.C., there has been wondrous progress on the AIDS treatment front since President George W. Bush launched the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) nearly a decade ago.


| By Roger Thurow

Just Do It

With the London Olympics approaching, it is time that we dusted off the old Nike solgan - Just Do It - and apply it to the agricultural development front.

| By Roger Thurow

Derailing Momentum

There is no doubt that the financial crisis roiling Europe has unsettled world markets, scrambled politics, shaken re-election prospects in several countries and darkened many 401-k prospects.  But as the drama stretches on and on, another mighty impact is emerging: it is derailing the momentum to fight hunger and poverty through agricultural development.

| By Roger Thurow

A Beautiful Day

It was a beautiful day, as Bono might sing, when President Obama and Secretary of State Clinton and a phalanx of corporate leaders, and the Irish rock star himself, gathered in Washington DC on May 18 to shift the effort to end hunger through agricultural development into a higher gear.

| By Roger Thurow

Neglect Reversed, Now Keep the Focus

Too poor, too remote, too insignificant.  That was the unofficial mantra behind the neglect of smallholder farmers in Africa for the past four decades.  It was recited by the farmers’ own governments, by rich world governments, by development institutions large and small, by the private sector.  It has left Africa’s farmers far behind those in the rest of the world.  It has left them unable to feed their own families throughout the year.  It has given rise to that horrible oxymoron “hungry farmers.”

| By Roger Thurow

Fighting the Injustice of Hunger

President Barack Obama issued an "all hands on deck" command to combat chronic hunger and malnutrition, which he said was "an outrage and an affront to who we are."

| By Roger Thurow

A Transformational Day

The Chicago Council Symposium on Global Agriculture and Food Security opened with a jolt of urgency and possibility.



Multimedia

Videos


 


Digital Preview of The First 1,000 Days

In his new book, The First 1,000 Days, Council senior fellow Roger Thurow illuminates the 1,000 Days initiative to end early childhood malnutrition through the compelling stories of new mothers in Uganda, India, Guatemala, and Chicago. Get a first-look at photos and stories from the book in this new web interactive.

» Learn more.
» Order your copy of the book.

Books

The First 1,000 Days

Roger Thurow’s book will tell the story of the vital importance of proper nutrition and health care in the 1,000 days window from the beginning of a woman’s pregnancy to her child’s second birthday.

The 1,000 days period is the crucial period of development, when malnutrition can have severe life-long impacts on the individual, the family and society as a whole. Nutritional deficiencies that occur during this time are often overlooked, resulting in a hidden hunger. It is a problem of great human and economic dimensions, impacting rich and poor countries alike.

Learn more »

The Last Hunger Season

In The Last Hunger Season, the intimate dramas of the farmers' lives unfold amidst growing awareness that to feed the world's growing population, food production must double by 2050. How will the farmers, Africa, and a hungrier world deal with issues of water usage, land ownership, foreign investment, corruption, GMO's, the changing role of women, and the politics of foreign aid?

Learn more »

EnoughEnough

Roger Thurow and Scott Kilman, award-winning writers on Africa, development, and agriculture, see famine as the result of bad policies spanning the political spectrum. In this compelling investigative narrative, they explain through vivid human stories how the agricultural revolutions that transformed Asia and Latin America stopped short in Africa, and how our sometimes well-intentioned strategies—alternating with ignorance and neglect—have conspired to keep the world’s poorest people hungry and unable to feed themselves.

Learn more »