July 17, 2018 | By Scott Allan

Next Generation 2018 - Food Security and the Role Biotechnology Can Play

The Chicago Council on Global Affairs is pleased to present the 2018 Next Generation Delegates blog series. This year’s Delegation was comprised of 27 outstanding students from universities across the United States and around the world studying agriculture, food, and related disciplines. We were thrilled to feature these emerging leaders at the Global Food Security Symposium 2018, and look forward to sharing the exciting work of this extraordinary group.

During my time in Washington, DC, adverse weather similar to the formidable “Beast from the East” that hit Europe was in full effect in the States, with two days of heavy rain, a day of snow and then a day of glorious sunshine—although still bitter cold. Though this is no more than a mere personal annoyance, unpredicted weather has adverse effects on agriculture and the reliability of crop yields. Climate change is predicted to make unpredicted weather events such as this more common, which could lead to issues such as acute water scarcity, soil degradation, and outbreaks of pests and disease. Coupled with the growing population, these concerns are placing an ever-increasing strain on global food security.

As an engineer researching cellular agriculture, specifically cultured meat (also known as clean meat, in vitro meat, or lab meat), I believe that biotechnology has a vital role to play in ensuring global food security, and that agriculture has the potential to produce food without the constraints of climate volatility, land availability, or soil fertility that conventional animal agriculture is faced with. Diversifying a farm’s agricultural products has immense benefits such as increased farm revenue; diversifying our food production methods to include biotechnological methods can also have great benefits and lead to greater food security in the future. Though there is no single solution to the problems facing future generations, cultured meat has the potential to help deliver on SDG 2 (zero hunger), SDG 13 (climate action), and the COP 21 Paris Agreement through the projected reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and land and water use.

Though this is an emerging field, cellular agriculture is not a new concept, but rather a rebranding of already existing technology, and a call for more of it. The production of agricultural products from cell cultures rather than whole animals is already in use. To help one imagine the facilities required for this new agricultural technology, picture a brewery or cheese production factory—but with the final product as meat! Everyday examples include insulin previously collected from the pancreases of pigs or cattle, and rennet used in cheese making which is originally sourced from the fourth stomach of calves. Both insulin and rennet are now produced using engineered yeast or bacteria. The wide variety of products being developed today include lactose-free cow milk proteins, egg proteins, vanilla, spider silk, and many more. My research as a chemical engineer at the University of Bath’s Centre for Sustainable Chemical Technologies and a New Harvest Research Fellow is focused on designing the bioreactors (controlled environments like a fermenter in a brewery) that will be necessary to scale-up cultured meat production.

The focus of the Global Food Security Symposium this year was Youth for Growth. The rapidly growing youth population represents the future of agriculture, and the Symposium recognized that we the need to entice future generations into the field. The question frequently asked was, “how can we make farming sexy?” One way of doing this is through technology. The youth of today are natural adopters of new innovations and technologies. Technology is shaping advancements in agriculture with discussions at the Symposium and in the Youth for Growth report mentioning radical ideas such as vertical farming, hydroponics, RFID-based animal health trackers and future global food systems in the form of food computers. All of these emerging technologies along with advancements in biotechnology may seem foreign and abstract, but if embraced and integrated with traditional farming methods can be used to make agriculture more youth inclusive and enticing.

A massive thank you to The Chicago Council on Global Affairs for the fantastic opportunity to partake in the 2018 Global Food Security Symposium. The Symposium provided a platform for learning from global leaders, storytellers and innovators from across the world who are shaping the future of agriculture and food production!

About

The Global Food and Agriculture Program aims to inform the development of US policy on global agricultural development and food security by raising awareness and providing resources, information, and policy analysis to the US Administration, Congress, and interested experts and organizations.

The Global Food and Agriculture Program is housed within the Chicago Council on Global Affairs, an independent, nonpartisan organization that provides insight – and influences the public discourse – on critical global issues. The Council on Global Affairs convenes leading global voices and conducts independent research to bring clarity and offer solutions to challenges and opportunities across the globe. The Council is committed to engaging the public and raising global awareness of issues that transcend borders and transform how people, business, and governments engage the world.

Support for the Global Food and Agriculture Program is generously provided by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Blogroll

1,000 Days Blog, 1,000 Days

Africa Can End Poverty, World Bank

Agrilinks Blog

Bread Blog, Bread for the World

Can We Feed the World Blog, Agriculture for Impact

Concern Blogs, Concern Worldwide

Institute Insights, Bread for the World Institute

End Poverty in South Asia, World Bank

Global Development Blog, Center for Global Development

The Global Food Banking Network

Harvest 2050, Global Harvest Initiative

The Hunger and Undernutrition Blog, Humanitas Global Development

International Food Policy Research Institute News, IFPRI

International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center Blog, CIMMYT

ONE Blog, ONE Campaign

One Acre Fund Blog, One Acre Fund

Overseas Development Institute Blog, Overseas Development Institute

Oxfam America Blog, Oxfam America

Preventing Postharvest Loss, ADM Institute

Sense & Sustainability Blog, Sense & Sustainability

WFP USA Blog, World Food Program USA

Archive

| By Gene Alexander

A New Tool in the Fight Against Malnutrition

Traditional methods of evaluating childern for malnurition can be uncomfortable for the child and subject to human error. But 3D imagery technology offers a new way to gather data.








| By Millicent Yeboah-Awudzi

Next Generation 2018 - Dreams of Change

Our 12th post in the Next Generation blog series is by Millicent Yeboah-Awudzi, PhD candidate in applied plant science at Louisiana State University. 





| By A.G. Kawamura

Featured Commentary - Senate Farm Bill Supports Agricultural Research

In California, farmers are again faced with drought.  On the east coast farmers have been struggling with incessant rain and flooding, hurting yields.  For many commodities, market prices have been dismal and with years of declining farm income, many older farmers are calling it quits and walking away.  As they leave, they take with them years of valuable knowledge and experience, and in many cases there is no new generation to carry on the risky endeavor.  The statistics now say that less than one percent of the US population makes a living from farming or ranching. How will farmers survive today and in the years ahead?