IN JEOPARDY? EUROPE AND THE TRANSATLANTIC ALLIANCE
THE TRANSATLANTIC ALLIANCE: FOCUS ON EUROPE
Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, Copresident, Security and Defence Agenda; Pieter Kooijmans Chair for Peace, Justice and Security, Leiden University; and former NATO Secretary General
The European Union (EU) is the world’s largest economy and foreign aid purveyor, and its defense spending surpasses that of the BRICs combined. Yet Europe is in a prolonged crisis. Greece has received a second bailout, while many other eurozone economies are experiencing negative growth and enacting deeper austerity measures. The EU is struggling to find common positions among its members on both internal and foreign policy issues, while the United States is pivoting toward the Asia-Pacific region. Is Europe’s influence in the world waning? What are the implications of the current crisis for the future of NATO and the transatlantic alliance? How can the alliance address these challenges? Join The Chicago Council and Jaap de Hoop Scheffer for a continental perspective on the developments in Europe and the future of the transatlantic alliance.
Jaap de Hoop Scheffer is currently copresident of the Security and Defence Agenda, a leading Brussels think tank with a focus on the European Union and NATO. He is also the Pieter Kooijmans Chair for Peace, Justice and Security at Leiden University. He served as NATO Secretary General from 2004 to 2009. Previously, he served as the chairman-in-office of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, and as the deputy chairman of The Netherlands Atlantic Commission. From 2002 to 2003 he served as minister of Foreign Affairs for The Netherlands. Prior to this, he was a member the Dutch House of Representatives from 1986 to 2002. During his time in the House of Representatives, he served as chairman of the House Permanent Committee on Foreign Affairs, leader of the Christian Democratic Alliance parliamentary party, and chairman of the Standing Committee on Development Cooperation. From 1994 to 1997, he was also a member of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly, and from 1986 to 1994, he was a member of the Parliamentary Assemblies of the Council of Europe and the Western European Union. From 1976 to 1986, he served in the Foreign Service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and from 1976 to 1978 he worked at The Netherlands’ embassy in Accra, Ghana. He worked at the Permanent Delegation to NATO in Brussels until 1980, and was in charge of the private office of four successive ministers of Foreign Affairs until 1986. De Hoop Scheffer currently serves as director on the board of Air France-KLM and on various other boards. He served in the Royal Netherlands Air Force from 1974 to 1976, after completing his studies in law at Leiden University.